This was the very last of the Jamnapari kidding arrivals for the 2008 season. Buckling weighed in at 3.8 kilo’s after a 154 day gestation.
Archive of ‘Goat Breeds’ category
This Jamnapari buck is a poor representation of its breed. Taken outside Kuching, Sarawak, this is the kind of standards that are prevalent amongst most goat farms there. At most times it is not the fault of the misinformed farmer that they choose to upkeep such low standards but rather are a victim of sellers who promote these as full blooded Jamnaparis when in fact these are crossbred’s.
The Saanen is a Swiss breed which originated in the Saane Valley. It is now the most popular dairy goat breed in many countries. Saanens, the first of the improved dairy goat breeds to be brought into Australia, were first imported in 1913 by the New South Wales Department of Agriculture. Two bucks and ten does from France and Switzerland were brought in for the Department’s Nyngan Experimental Farm. A further two bucks were imported from Canada by the Department in 1929, also for the Nyngan farm which was eventually disbanded in 1933. However, Nyngan Saanens have had a profound influence on the breed in Australia.
After World War II, the Department brought in a further five bucks and six does for its stud which was at Condobolin and several private breeders also imported Saanens. Imports since the War have been of the British Saanen type. Australian-bred Saanens are of world standard and have set many milk producing records. Saanens have been used in many parts of the world in grading-up local breeds including Malaysia. Sarawak itself has a very very limited Saanen goats.
Saanen does are heavy milk producers and usually yield between 3% and 4% fat.The Saanen is a typical dairy-type animal, it has a dished or straight facial line and a wedge-shaped body. Saanens are of medium height when compared with the other Alpine breeds in Australia. Does weigh at least 64 kg. The average height measured at the withers, is about 81 cm for does and 94 cm for bucks.
The coat is all white or all cream and the hair is generally short and fairly fine although some may have longer hair along the spine, hindquarters, or both. Horns may or may not be present at birth. The ears are generally pointed and erect and the head is usually lightly structured. The breed is sensitive to excessive sunlight and performs best in cooler conditions. The provision of shade is essential, and tan skin is preferable. Saanens are usually very docile animals and like to keep to a routine so are well-suited to machine milking. They respond quickly to affection.
The high-producing Saanen doe should also be an efficient reproducer. She should have a docile nature, and appear alert and feminine. The udder should be well developed not fleshy, and have a collapsed appearance and a soft texture after milking. It should be round or globular, and not pendulous or ‘split’ between the halves. A fairly flat udder sole is preferable. The udder should be carried high and well under the body. Good udder attachment is particularly important. The teats should be distinct from the udder and moderately sized. They should be squarely placed and point slightly forward. Does with abnormal teats and udders may prove difficult to milk and should not be used for breeding replacements.
The jaw should be square (not overshot or undershot) and the teeth should be sound. The muzzle and nostrils should be wide, the lips broad and the eyes set well apart. The neck should be long, slim, of good depth and connect evenly with the withers and shoulders. The body should be wedge-shaped, well developed and have good height and depth. The chest should be wide and deep. The ribs should be well sprung. There should be no marked dip behind the withers or shoulders. The back should be level from the shoulders to the hips and drop slightly to the tail. The Saanen doe should stand and walk without dropping at the pasterns. The legs should be clean, long and straight and placed squarely under the body. They should not be cow-hocked. The thighs should be thin, allowing adequate room for the udder.
The Saanen buck’s ability should be gauged by his reproductive performance and the quality and performance of his offspring. The buck should have good conformation and depth of body, be masculine but not coarse in appearance and have vigour. The testicles should be of good size, well balanced and firm. The scrotum should be well placed, not divided and allow the testes to hang away from the body (not excessively).
Polled bucks are not generally used in breeding programs as offspring resulting from matings with polled does may be born as either inter sex females or sterile males. If polled bucks are used, they should only be mated with horned does.
The original Sarawak goat population comprises of small-framed goats, the original Kambing Katjang, also called Kambing Kacang. This local goat is primarily a meat producer and is known for its prolificacy and ability to breed all the year round with a litter average of (based on our farm records) 1.8. The use of this local stock as an efficient meat producer is rather limited, due to its slow growth rate, low effective reproductive and maternal ability which contributes to the known biological antagonism between fecundity and rearing ability.
This breed is resistant against diseases and ecto-parasites, specifically biting-flies like mosquitoes, sand flies and ticks. The breed is well adapted to low and highland and is known for prolificacy. They come in a variety of colors, uni colored, black, brown multi colored, black and white pied. They have an average (wither) height of 63 cm and 59 cm respectively for males and females with an average weight of 30kg and 25kg each. Small bodied, with erect ears the males come bearded with tassels. Males mature at 9 months and Females at 7 months. Our farm records show the average birth weights of 1.5kg and 1.3kg for each sex.
There are 2 special characteristic of the Kambing Katjang that must be mentioned. The meat of bucks has a very strong and specific smell and for some strange reason this breed is particularly scared of getting wet. Any sign of rain and we will see them scurrying for shelter, in most cases making a bee line for the goat house.
- The Ordinary Boer Goats are animals with good meat conformation, short hair and a variety of color patterns.
- The Long Hair Boer Goats have heavy coats and coarse meats.
- The Polled Boer Goats are hornless with a less desirable confirmation.
- The Indigenous Boer Goats have long legs, variable and poor conformation and a variety of color patterns.
- The Improved Boer Goats are the primary line which breeders have been selected for.
The breed standards were first established when South African Boer Goat Breeders Association was formed in 1959. The breed standards for the improved Boer goats include conformation, head, neck and forequarters, barrel, hindquarters, legs, skin and coverings, sexual organs, size, coloring, tail, general appearance and type, and fertility.
The breed standards for Boer Goat Breeders’ Association of Australia include those descended from animals imported from Africa as fullblood Boer goats, structurally sound, able to graze and breed naturally, no physical abnormality, conformation (mouth, jaw, leg, and knee), and reproductive organs. Breed standards of American Boer Goat Association are similar to those of South African Boer Goat Breeders’ Association and include conformation, skin and covering, reproductive organs and coloration.
A buck can ruin your herd just as fast as a good carefully chosen buck can improve it. Using him just because he ‘looks good’ does not mean he should be used for breeding. When you are ready to get a buck, be prepared to do some homework and leg work searching for that quality. If you were in Australia locating a quality registered buck of your choice breed is not a big challenge. Here in Sarawak where locally born registered animals are non existent then a good drive around will have to do searching for what you need. Don’t be afraid to ask stupid questions.
You want to make sure you see at least the buck’s mother, and possibly the father, of any buck you decide on. Look at the mothers udder, because is she has a “bad” udder, those udder genes will be passed on through her son and you really do not want that. Look at both parents conformation. Are they within the requirements of the particular breed you are aiming for? Look at the other offspring the father had sired, is the quality also there? Does he have any birth records? What was his weight at birth? Did the breeder keep any records of his weight gained as he aged?
Remember, that Buck you chose represents your future herd.
An example of a average quality Jamnapari Buck near Kuching, Sarawak. They can come larger and much heavier. Supposedly for meat and milk, they seem to be used mainly for meat in Sarawak, but most stocks are prized and kept for breeding. There has been an upsurge in Goat farming in Sarawak in recent months and this breed is in high demand even prompting smuggling from Indonesia.
I saw this handsome bloke last week. There is a clip of this fellow but i need to see how to upload it. Just learned that i can’t upload directly mpeg files. Bleh.
To have a look at a sample The Kebun’s Jamnapari Doe and her 5 week Old Kid please click HERE.