There is a wide range of problems with farmer feeding Goats here in Sarawak where it is in the tropical zone.
- Low levels of protein for growth (and milk production)
- Mineral deficiencies
- Poor access to fresh water
- Much too fibrous feed
- Seasonal feed fluctuations in quantity and quality
- Poor nutrition for lactating dams
- Poor quality feed for kids
Basically too few farmers take the effort to ensure that their Goats require more than the forage (at most times limited to some roadside growing grass) their Goats have access to when tethered or the cut and carry system many apply for stall fed Goats. For those who tether their Goats they very seldom take into consideration that these animals require a good selected site that perhaps was developed with forage foods and providing them with supplies of energy giving supplementary feed, protein and minerals. Stall fed animals should have access to selected quality and mixed feeds, forage crops and supplemented by giving energy, protein and mineral supplements.
There are also some considerations when managing stall fed Goats as in inadequate feeder space, cramped conditions and the lack of understanding that shy and bully Goats have to be separated not to forget those smaller Goats that tend to end up not getting their share when shoved and butted away by the bigger and stronger animals.
You don’t need a PHD to be a Goat farmer. Just good old basic common sense and most important an appreciation for nature.